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Laboratory 2. Vertebral Canal and Spinal Cord
Osteology

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Refer to a skeleton to identify the following parts of a vertebra (Figure 2.1):

   body
   pedicle
   lamina
   transverse process
   superior articular process
   inferior articular processes
   costal facet for the head of the rib
   spinous process
   vertebral canal

Finally, with the assistance of a skeleton , study the components of the vertebral column: 7 cervical vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, 5 lumbar vertebrae, the sacrum (5 fused sacral vertebrae), and the coccyx (4 fused coccygeal vertebrae). Consult a text or an atlas to learn about general similarities and differences between cervical, lumbar, and thoracic vertebrae.

Links and References:
Grant's: 4.7 and 4.8
Netter: 143 and 144
Rohen and Yokochi: 184-191