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The lateral (fibular) collateral ligament arises from the lateral condyle of the femur and pierces the tendon of the biceps femoris muscle as it passes to attach to the head of the fibula. The lateral collateral ligament is separated from the joint capsule by the tendon of the popliteus muscle. This tendon passes through the joint cavity to attach to the lateral condyle of the femur.The medial (tibial) collateral ligament arises from the medial condyle of the femur and inserts onto the medial surface of the tibia below the medial condyle.
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