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Now examine the peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity. It is divided into two parts: the visceral peritoneum, which covers the surface of the visceral organs, and the parietal peritoneum, which lines the internal surface of the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavity.Inside the abdominal cavity the peritoneum forms folds or reflections, referred to as mesenteries and peritoneal ligaments. Mesenteries attach organs to the posterior abdominal wall. Peritoneal ligaments generally attach one organ to another. Peritoneal ligaments and mesenteries hold abdominal organs in place, and serve
as conduits through which nerves, blood and lymphatic vessels pass to and from the abdominal organs.
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